Structured as an animated discussion and supported by rich audio and visual examples, four flamenco scholars weigh in on the connections between flamenco and popular culture in varying historical contexts. Lynn Matlock Brooks will delve into the 16th- and 17th-century traditions that created the framework for the emergence of what we now recognize as flamenco. Meira Goldberg will discuss the figure of La Macarrona, star of the Café Cantante period in Spain at the turn of the 20th century. Finally, Ninotchka Bennahum will contextualize the flamenco body in dialogue with the social and political events surrounding modernism, and additionally trace the legacy of flamenco in Philadelphia. The session, part of Pasión y Arte's 2014 Philadelphhia Flamenco Festival, will culminate in questions and dialogue with the audience. Contemporary context for the discussion will be introduced by festival educational curator Michelle Heffner Hayes, Ph.D., in order to facilitate the interaction.